Tue09162014

Last updateFri, 17 Jan 2014 9pm

Back You are here: Home Library Glimpses of Shi'ism in the Musnad of Ibn Hanbal Chapter 17-The Number of the Prophet's Righteous Successors

Chapter 17-The Number of the Prophet's Righteous Successors

Chapter 17 

The Number of the Prophet’s Righteous Successors

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 Ibn Hanbal says:

 A. Hasan bin Musā has related to us from Hammād bin Zayd from Mujālid from Sha‘bÄ« from Masruq who says that in Kufa ‘Abdullāh bin Mas‘ud was giving us lessons from the Holy Qur’ān when a person asked:

 O Abā ‘Abd al-Rahmān! Did you not ask the Prophet how many caliphs would this ummah have?

 ‘Abdullāh bin Mas‘ud said:

 Since my coming to Iraq no one has posed me this question so far except you.

 Then he added:

 Yes! We did ask the Messenger of Allah (S) about this matter and he said:

 “Ithnā-‘Ashara ka ‘iddati nuqabā’ BanÄ« Isrā’Ä«l (Twelve, equal to the number of the Chieftans of BanÄ« Isrā’Ä«l).”[62]

 The isnād of this hadith are sahÄ«h according to Ahmad Shākir.

 Ibn Hanbal says:

 B. Sufyān bin ‘Uyaynah has related to us from ‘Abd al-Malik bin ‘Umayr from Jābir bin Samrah al-Suwā’Ä« who narrates that he heard the Messenger of Allah (S) say:

 “Lā yazāl hādha al-amr māziyan hattā yaqum ithnā-‘ashara amÄ«ran (This affair [religion] will continue until twelve leaders [AmÄ«r] will rise).”

 Then he mentioned something which I did not hear, so I asked my father (who was sitting beside me), who said:

 “All of whom will be from the Quraysh.”[63]

 This hadith has been recorded over 40 times in Ibn Hanbal’s Musnad[64] and in some versions the word KhalÄ«fah is found instead of Amir.[65] The version which I have selected here has the shortest chain of authority and reaches the Prophet through the medium of three narrators. Sunni scholars and exegetes of hadith have rather been perplexed and come up with unconvincing comments in their explanation of this particular hadith of the Prophet. They have been unable to reconcile with their beliefs the meaning of the figure of “twelve caliphs” as used by the Prophet. As a result we find conflicting and self-contradictory answers in their explanations.[66]

 
Notes:

[62] Ibid, hadith no. 3781. Refer to Holy Qur’ān (5:12) regarding the Nuqabā’ (Chieftans) of BanÄ« Isrā’Ä«l.

[63] Al-Musnad, vol. 5, p. 101. Also refer to al-Safārīnī, Shams al-Dīn Muhammad: Sharh Thulāthiyyāt Ahmad, vol. 1, p. 539, first edition, 1380, Damascus.

[64] Al-Salafī, Murshad al-Muhtār, vol. 3, p. 380.

[65] E.g. refer to Musnad, al-Maymaniyyah print.

[66] For more information on the views of the Sunnis refer to al-SafārÄ«nÄ«: Sharh Thulāthiyyāt Ahmad, vol. 2, pp. 540-566. Also see al-‘AskarÄ«, Sayyid Murtazā: Naqsh-e A’immah dar Ihyā’-e DÄ«n, vol. 11, pp. 74-84.

 

 

      
 Chapter 17 

The Number of the Prophet’s Righteous Successors

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

Ibn Hanbal says:

 

A. Hasan bin Musā has related to us from Hammād bin Zayd from Mujālid from Sha‘bÄ« from Masruq who says that in Kufa ‘Abdullāh bin Mas‘ud was giving us lessons from the Holy Qur’ān when a person asked:

 

O Abā ‘Abd al-Rahmān! Did you not ask the Prophet how many caliphs would this ummah have?

 

‘Abdullāh bin Mas‘ud said:

 

Since my coming to Iraq no one has posed me this question so far except you.

 

Then he added:

 

Yes! We did ask the Messenger of Allah (S) about this matter and he said:

 

“Ithnā-‘Ashara ka ‘iddati nuqabā’ BanÄ« Isrā’Ä«l (Twelve, equal to the number of the Chieftans of BanÄ« Isrā’Ä«l).”[62]

 

The isnād of this hadith are sahīh according to Ahmad Shākir.

 

Ibn Hanbal says:

 

B. Sufyān bin ‘Uyaynah has related to us from ‘Abd al-Malik bin ‘Umayr from Jābir bin Samrah al-Suwā’Ä« who narrates that he heard the Messenger of Allah (S) say:

 

“Lā yazāl hādha al-amr māziyan hattā yaqum ithnā-‘ashara amÄ«ran (This affair [religion] will continue until twelve leaders [AmÄ«r] will rise).”

 

Then he mentioned something which I did not hear, so I asked my father (who was sitting beside me), who said:

 

“All of whom will be from the Quraysh.”[63]

 

This hadith has been recorded over 40 times in Ibn Hanbal’s Musnad[64] and in some versions the word KhalÄ«fah is found instead of Amir.[65] The version which I have selected here has the shortest chain of authority and reaches the Prophet through the medium of three narrators. Sunni scholars and exegetes of hadith have rather been perplexed and come up with unconvincing comments in their explanation of this particular hadith of the Prophet. They have been unable to reconcile with their beliefs the meaning of the figure of “twelve caliphs” as used by the Prophet. As a result we find conflicting and self-contradictory answers in their explanations.[66]

 


Notes:

[62] Ibid, hadith no. 3781. Refer to Holy Qur’ān (5:12) regarding the Nuqabā’ (Chieftans) of BanÄ« Isrā’Ä«l.

[63] Al-Musnad, vol. 5, p. 101. Also refer to al-Safārīnī, Shams al-Dīn Muhammad: Sharh Thulāthiyyāt Ahmad, vol. 1, p. 539, first edition, 1380, Damascus.

[64] Al-Salafī, Murshad al-Muhtār, vol. 3, p. 380.

[65] E.g. refer to Musnad, al-Maymaniyyah print.

[66] For more information on the views of the Sunnis refer to al-SafārÄ«nÄ«: Sharh Thulāthiyyāt Ahmad, vol. 2, pp. 540-566. Also see al-‘AskarÄ«, Sayyid Murtazā: Naqsh-e A’immah dar Ihyā’-e DÄ«n, vol. 11, pp. 74-84.

You have no rights to post comments