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Being Held Accountable For Unbelief

Being Held Accountable For Unbelief

There is no doubt that unbelief is of two types: One is unbelief out of obstinacy and stubbornness, which is called the unbelief of repudiation; and the other is unbelief out of ignorance and unawareness of the truth.  With regard to the former, definitive rational and narrational proofs indicate that a person who deliberately and knowingly shows obstinacy towards the truth and endeavours to reject, it deserves punishment.  But with regard to the latter, it must be said that if the ignorance and unawareness do not spring from negligence, they shall be forgiven and overlooked by God.

 To explain this point, it is necessary to speak a bit about submission and obstinacy.  The Qur’ān says:

  ÙŠÙŽÙˆÙ’Ù…ÙŽ لاٌ يَنْفَعُ مٌالٌ ÙˆÙŽ لاٌ بَنُونَ إِلاَّ مَنْ أَتَـى اللٌّهَ بِقَلْبٍ سَلِيمٍ

 “The day when neither wealth nor children will avail, except him who comes to God with a sound heart.”[44]

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