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Care for the Orphans

An orphan feels deprivation after losing his father or mother or both of them. Deprivation of satisfying his emotion and spiritual needs, deprivation of satisfying his material needs like food, drinks and dresses, he will be befallen with obsessions and fears, predominated by anxiety and disturbance.
Feeling of deprivation from affection and kindness has its negative effect on the existence and building the personality of the child. Through the observation of the society reality we found that most orphans that didn't get assistance and care from others do personally disturbed and were befallen with tied psychology and negative agreement with the community that deprive him from assistance and care. For that Islam bequeath special guardianship of the orphans even more than other children. It emphasizes the satisfaction of all of their material and spiritual needs.
The specified verses of the Qur'an for the guardianship of the orphan are more than that of the general children.
Satisfaction of the orphan's material needs is the first needs that Islam laid emphasis on.
Allah the most High said: [And they feed the poor, the orphan and the prisoner, for the love for Him] (Qur'an 76: 8).
[... And to feed in the day of hunger, to an orphan, near of kin] (Qur'an 90:14-15).
[... And give the wealth, for love of Him, to kinsfolk and to orphans and the needy...] (Qur'an 2:177).
Allah the most High makes the Right of the orphan in the Muslim's wealth. [And know that whatever ye take as spoil of war, Lo! a fifth there of is for Allah, and for the Messenger and for the kinsman (who hath need) and orphans and needy...] (Qur'an 8: 41).
The most High said: [Say: that which ye spend for good (must go) to parents and near kindred and orphans and the needy...] (Qur'an2: 215).
The most High has forbade spending the orphan's wealth except in a best form which has benefits and profitable to him [And approach not the wealth of the orphan save that which is better, till he reach maturity] (Qur'an 6: 152).
The Prophet (P.B.U.H&H.P) said: "Who sustain an orphan till he is in no need, Allah will make it obligatory because of that to enter Paradise" (Tuhfal Uquul: 198).
The prophet (P.B.U.H&H.P) said: "Whoever liable for the orphan enters him to his food and drinks, Allah will let him enters Paradise except he committed unforgivable sin" (Mustadrakil Wasaa'il vol - 1: 148).
The Prophet (P.B.U.H&H.P) said: "He was joining his fingers together and said: I and the guarantor of an orphan are like this in the Paradise" (Al-mahjatul badaa'i vol – 3, P 403).
Giving good education to the orphan is among the care and protection to them and prepares him to be a good member of the community. The Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali (A.S) said: "Educate the orphan the way that you educate your child..." (Al-kafi, vol 6:48/8 CH- educating the child).
An orphan that obtain care, protection, love and kindness feels at rest, tranquil and leaves uprightly in his emotion and personality but in a state of deprivation he will not become upright and may take up by perverted ones and focus him to unrighteousness and will become a harmful member to the society.
Derived from: Imam Hussein Holy Shrine

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