The Eleventh Infallible Imam
Name: Hasan bin ‘Ali.
Agnomen: Abu Muhammad.
Father: ‘Ali an-Naqi.
Mother: Hudaytha (also known as Susan).
Birth: 10th Rabi II, 232 AH in Samarra, Iraq.
Death: 8th Rabi I, 260 AH in Samarra, Iraq.
1. Birth & Early Years
Imam Hasan al-‘Askari was born in the year 232 A.H. in Samarra, Iraq during the tenth Imam’s stay in that city. “Al-‘Askari” is from al-‘askar which means “the army”. Our eleventh Imam is known as al-‘Askari because he lived in al-‘Askar neighbourhood which was the military garrison of the Turkish troops of the ‘Abbâsids.
History of the Holy Shrine of Imam Ali al-Naqi & Imam Hasan al-Askari,Peace Be Upon Them
The modern city of Samarra is situated on the bank of the river Tigris some sixty miles from the city of Baghdad. The city is of outstanding importance because of its two shrines. The golden dome on one shrine was presented by Nasr al-Din Shah and completed under Muzaffar al-Din Shah in the year 1905 A.D. Beneath the golden dome are four graves, those of Imam Ali al-Naqi (10th Imam) and his son, Imam Hasan al-Askari (11th Imam). The other two are of Hakimah Khatoon, the sister of Imam Ali al-Naqi who has related at length the circumstances of the birth of Imam al-Mahdi and the fourth grave is of Nargis Khatoon, the mother of Imam al-Mahdi, peace be upon him.
The Decorum of Performing the Ziyarah of Hadrat Masoumah (SA)
Knowing the manners and decorum of performing the ziyarah is very essential for the pilgrims so that they can attain the blessings of ziyarah of the holy personalities.
The Holy City of Qum in Ahadith
Imam Jafar Sadiq (AS) has said:
"Salutations to the people of Qum, Allah (SWT) will shower their cities with the required rainfall and will bless them and turn their calamities into safety and goodness. The people of Qum are devout performers of Salat (Namaz). They are jurisprudents, scholars and explore the realities and perform good worship."
(Bihaar al-Anwar, vol. 60, p. 217)