Al-Sahifa Al-Kamilah Al-Sajjadiyya (The Prefect Book Of Al-Sajjad)
Al-Sahifa al-Kamilah al-Sajjadiyya
(The Perfect Book of al-Sajjad)
In the Name of God,
the All-merciful, the All-compassionate
Concerning the Chain of Authorities of the Sahifa]
1 The greatest sayyid, Najm al-Din Baha' al-Sharaf Abu l-Hasan Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn 'Ali ibn Muhammad ibn 'Umar ibn Yahya al-'Alawi al-Hasani1 (God have mercy upon him) related to us:2
2 He said: The felicitous shaykh, Abu 'Abd Allah Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Shahriyar3, the treasurer of the treasure-house of our master, the Commander of the Faithful, 'Ali ibn Abi Talib (upon him be peace) told us in the month of Rabi' I in the year 516 [May-June 1122 CE] while [the Sahifa] was being read before him and I was listening
3 He said: I heard it [being read] before the truthful shaykh Abu Mansur Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn 'Abd al-'Aziz al-'Ukbari the Just4 (God have mercy upon him) by Abu l-Mufaddal Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allah ibn al-Muttalib al-Shaybani.5
4 He said: Al-Sharif Abu 'Abd Allah Ja'far ibn Muhammad ibn Ja'far ibn al-Hasan ibn Ja'far ibn al-Hasan ibn al-Hasan ibn Amir al-Mu'minin 'Ali ibn Abi Talib6 (upon them be peace) related to us.
5 He said: 'Abd Allah ibn 'Umar ibn Khattab al-Zayyat7 related to us in the year 265 [878-9].
6 He said: My maternal uncle 'Ali ibn al-Nu'man al-A'lam8 related to me.
7 He said: 'Umayr ibn Mutawakkil al-Thaqafi al-Balkhi related to us from his father Mutawakkil ibn Harun.9
8 He said: I met Yahya ibn Zayd ibn 'Ali (upon him be peace) when he was going to Khurasan after his father was slain and I greeted him.10
9 He said to me: From whence are you coming? I said: From the hajj.
10 He asked me about his household and the sons of his paternal uncle in Medina and he pressed me urgently about [Imam] Ja'far ibn Muhammad (upon him be peace), so I gave him news of him and of them and of their sorrow over his father Zayd ibn 'Ali (upon him be peace).
11 He said to me: My paternal uncle [Imam] Muhammad [al-Baqir] ibn 'Ali (upon him be peace) advised my father not to revolt and he let him know what would be the outcome of his affair if he revolted and left Medina. Have you met the son of my paternal uncle, Ja'far ibn Muhammad (upon him be peace)?
I said: Yes.
12 He said: Did you hear him mention anything about my affair?
I said: Yes.
13 He said: What did he say about me? Tell me!
I said: May I be made your sacrifice! I do not want to confront you with what I heard from him.
14 So he said: Will you frighten me with death? Tell me what you heard!
I said: I heard him saying that you would be slain and crucified as your father was slain and crucified.
15 His face changed colour and he said: God erases whatsoever He will, and He establishes, and with Him is the Mother of the Book!11 O Mutawakkil! God has supported this affair through us and appointed for us knowledge and the sword. These two are combined in us, while the sons of our paternal uncle have been singled out only for knowledge.
16 I said: May I be made your sacrifice! Surely I see people inclining more to the son of your paternal uncle, Ja'far (upon him be peace) than to you and your father.
17 He said: Surely my paternal uncle Muhammad ibn 'Ali and his son Ja'far (upon them both be peace) summon people to life, but we summon them to death.
18 I said: O son of the Messenger of God! Have they more knowledge, or have you?
19 He looked toward the ground for a time. Then he lifted his head and said: All of us have knowledge, but they know everything we know, and we do not know everything they know. Then he said to me: Have you written anything from the son of my paternal uncle?
I said: Yes.
20 He said: Show it to me. So I brought out various kinds of knowledge, and I brought out for him a supplication which had been dictated to me by Abu 'Abd Allah (upon him be peace). He had related to me that his father, Muhammad ibn 'All (upon them both be peace) had dictated it to him and had told him that it was one of the supplications of his father, 'Ali ibn al-Husayn (upon them both be peace), from Al-Sahifat al-Kamila.12
21 Yahya looked at it until he came to its end. He said to me: Will you permit me to copy it?
I said: O son of the Messenger of God! Do you ask permission for that which belongs to all of you?
22 He said: Truly I will bring out for you a sahifa with the Perfect Supplications, which my father had in safekeeping from his father. My father counselled me to safeguard it and to withhold it from those unworthy of it.
23 'Umayr said: My father [Mutawakkil] said: So I stood up before him, kissed him on the head, and said to him: By God, O son of the Messenger of God! I profess the religion of God through love for you and obedience toward you! I hope that He will favour me in my life and my death with your friendship.
24 So he tossed the page of mine which I had given to him to a servant who was with him and said: Write this supplication with a beautiful, clear script, and give it to me. Perhaps I will memorize it, for I had been seeking it from Ja'far (God safeguard him) and he withheld it from me.
25 Mutawakkil said: So I regretted what I had done and did not know what I should do. Abu 'Abd Allah had not ordered me not to hand it over to anyone.
26 Then he called for a box and brought out from it a sahifa locked and sealed.13 He looked at the seal, kissed it, and wept. Then he broke it and undid the lock. He opened the sahifa, placed it upon his eyes, and passed it across his face.
27 He said: By God, O Mutawakkil, were it not for the words you mentioned from the son of my paternal uncle - that I will be slain and crucified - I would not hand this over to you and would be niggardly with it.
28 But I know that his word is the truth which he has taken from his fathers and that it will be verified. So I fear lest knowledge like this fall to the Umayyads and they hide it and store it in their treasuries for themselves.
29 So take it, guard it for me, and wait with it. Then, when God has accomplished in my affair and the affair of those people what He will accomplish, it will be a trust from me with you to be taken to the sons of my paternal uncle, Muhammad and Ibrahim,14 the two sons of 'Abd Allah ibn al-Hasan ibn al-Hasan ibn Ali (upon the [last] two of them be peace). They will undertake this affair after me.
30 Mutawakkil said: So I took the Sahifa. when Yahya ibn Zayd was slain, I went to Medina and met [Imam] Abu 'Abd Allah [Ja'far al-Sadiq] (upon him be peace). I related to him the news of Yahya. He wept and his feeling for him was intense.
31 He said: God have mercy on the son of my paternal uncle and join him to his fathers and grandfathers!
32 By God, O Mutawakkil, the only thing that prevented me from handing the supplication over to him was what he feared for the Sahifa of his father. Where is the Sahifa? I said: Here it is. He opened it and said:
This, by God, is the handwriting of my paternal uncle Zayd and the supplications of my grandfather 'Ali ibn al-Husayn (upon both of them be peace).
33 Then he said to his son: Stand up, O Isma'il,15 and bring out the supplications which I commanded you to memorize and safeguard!
34 So Isma'il stood up, and he brought out a Sahifa just like the Sahifa which Yahya ibn Zayd had handed over to me. Abu 'Abd Allah kissed it and placed it upon his eyes. He said: This is the handwriting of my father and the dictation of my grandfather (upon both of them be peace), while I was a witness.
35 I said: O son of the Messenger of God! Would it be proper for
me to compare it to the Sahifa of Zayd and Yahya?
He gave me permission to do that and said: I consider you worthy of that.
36 I looked, and I found the two to be a single thing. I did not find a single letter to differ from what was in the other Sahifa.
37 Then I asked permission from Abu 'Abd Allah to hand over the Sahifa to the two sons of 'Abd Allah ibn al-Hasan.
He said: God commands you to deliver trusts back to their owners.16 Yes, hand it over to them.
38 When I rose to go and meet them, he said to me: Stay in your place.
39 Then he sent for Muhammad and Ibrahim, and they came. He said: This is the inheritance of the son of your paternal uncle, Yahya, from his father. He has singled you out for it instead of his own brothers. But we place upon you a condition concerning it.
40 They said: God have mercy upon you! Tell us, for your word is accepted.
41 He said: Leave not Medina with this Sahifa!
42 They said: And why is that?
43 He said: The son of your paternal uncle feared for it what I fear for you.
44 They said: He only feared for it when he came to know he would be slain.
45 Abu 'Abd Allah (upon him be peace) said: As for you - feel not secure! By God, I know that you will revolt as he revolted, and you will be slain as he was slain!
46 They arose, while they were saying: 'There is no force and no strength save in God, the All-high, the All-mighty!'17
47 When they revolted Abu 'Abd Allah (upon him be peace) said to me: O Mutawakkil! What did Yahya say to you? 'Surely my paternal uncle Muhammad ibn 'Ali and his son Ja'far summon the people to life, but we summon them to death.'
48 I said: Yes, God set you right! The son of your paternal uncle Yahya said that to me.
49 He said: God have mercy upon Yahya! My father related from his father from his grandfather from 'Ali (upon him be peace) that the Messenger of God (God bless him and his Household) was seized from his senses for an instant while he was on the pulpit.
50 He saw in a vision some men leaping upon his pulpit like monkeys and making the people retrace their steps.
51 So the Messenger of God sat down (God bless him and his Household), and sorrow was apparent on his face.
52 Then Gabriel (upon him be peace) came to him with this verse: And We made the vision that We showed thee and the tree cursed in the Qur'an, that is, the Umayyads, to be only a trial for men; and We frighten them, but it only increases them in great insolence.18
53 He said: O Gabriel! Will they be in my period and my time?
54 He said: No, but the mill of Islam will turn from your migration, and it will come to a halt ten [years] after that. Then it will begin turning exactly thirty-five years after your migration, and come to a halt five [years] after that. Then there is no avoiding a mill at whose axis stands error. Then there will be the kingdom of the pharoahs.
55 He said: God sent down concerning that: Surely We sent it down on the Night of Decree. And what will teach thee what is the Night of Decree? The Night of Decree is better than a thousand months19 in which the Umayyads rule, during which time there will be no Night of Decree.
56 He said: So God gave news to His Prophet (upon him be peace) that the Umayyads would own sovereignty over this community and that their kingdom would last this period of time.
57 Were the mountains to vie with them, they would tower over the mountains until God (exalted is He) gave permission for the disappearance of their kingdom; and during this time they have made their banner enmity and hatred for us, the Folk of the House.
58 God gave news to His Prophet concerning what the Folk of the House of Muhammad, the people of love for them, and their partisans would meet from the Umayyads during their days and their kingdom.
59 He said: God sent down concerning them: Hast thou not seen those who exchanged the favour of God for unbelief, and caused the people to dwell in the abode of ruin? Gehenna, wherein they are roasted; an evil resting place!20
60 The 'favour of God' is Muhammad and the People of his House. Love for them is a faith that takes into the Garden, and hate for them is an unbelief and a hypocrisy that takes into the Fire.
61 So the Messenger of God (God bless him and his Household) confided that to 'Ali and the Folk of his House.
62 He said: Then Abu 'Abd Allah said (upon him be peace): Before the rise of our Qa'im21 not one of us Folk of the House has revolted or will revolt to repel an injustice or to raise up a right, without affliction uprooting him and without his uprising increasing the adversity of us and our partisans.
63 Al-Mutawakkil ibn Harun said: Then Abu 'Abd Allah dictated to me the supplications, which are seventy-five chapters. Of them eleven chapters have escaped me, while I have safeguarded sixty-some.
64 Abu l-Mufaddal related to us.22 He said: Muhammad ibn al-Hasan ibn Ruzbih Abu Bakr al-Mada'ini23 the scribe, who lived in Rahba, related to us in his house.
65 He said: Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Muslim al-Mutahhari24 related to me.
66 He said: My father related to me from 'Umayr ibn Mutawakkil al-Balkhi from his father al-Mutawakkil ibn Harun.
67 He said: I met Yahya ibn Zayd ibn 'Ali (upon them both be peace). Then he mentioned the whole hadith including the vision of the Prophet (God bless him and his Household) which was mentioned by Ja'far ibn Muhammad from his fathers (God's blessings be upon them).
68 In al-Mutahhari's version, the chapter headings are mentioned. They are:
69 The remaining chapter headings are in the words of Abu 'Abd Allah al-Hasani (God have mercy upon him).25
70 Abu 'Abd Allah Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Hasani related to us.26
71 He said: 'Abd Allah ibn 'Umar ibn Khattab al-Zayyat related to us.
72 He said: Khali ibn al-Nu'man al-A'lam related to us.
73 He said: 'Umayr ibn Mutawakkil al-Thaqafi al-Balkhi related to us from his father Mutawakkil ibn Harun.
74 He said: My truthful master, Abu 'Abd Allah Ja'far ibn Muhammad dictated to me.
75 He said: My grandfather 'Ali ibn al-Husayn dictated to my father Muhammad ibn 'Ali (upon them all be peace) while I was witness:
THE SUPPLICATIONS BEGIN FROM HERE ONWARDS.
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