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What is Muharram?

e-hussein02-sMuharram is the first month of the Islamic calendar, when Muslims commemorate the martyrdom of Imam Husayn, the grandson of the Prophet Mohammad and spiritual leader of the Shi'a people.
Imam Husayn's martyrdom is a sad day for all Muslims especially the Shi'a, who mourn the massacre of their "Prince of Martyrs" and his family in Karbala in 61AH/680CE.

Imam Husayn held the title of Imam, meaning spiritual leader of Islam; and he refused to swear allegiance to Yazid, the second Umayyad Caliph. He tried to travel from Medina to Kufa but was surrounded by forces loyal to Yazid in the desert at a place now known as Karbala.

Imam Husayn's followers were greatly outnumbered and dying of thirst, indeed his brother 'Abbas was killed trying to bring water back to the camp. On the 10th day of Muharram, Imam Husayn's followers were massacred and their leader beheaded after declaring, "death with dignity is better than life with humiliation".

The commemoration of this brutal massacre begins on the first day of Muharram and continues for 40 days. During the first 10 days of Muharram millions of Shi'a (and Sunni) Muslims remember the massacre at Karbala and strive to feel some of Husayn's pain.
The 10th day of Muharram is known as 'Ahsura' which recalls the day of the massacre in Karbala, a town in modern day Iraq which is second only to Mecca and Najaf as a spiritual beacon to the Shi'a.

Just 100km south of Baghdad, Karbala houses the shrine of Imam Husayn and his brother Al-Abbas. For centuries Shi'a pilgrims flocked here during Muharram, a practice which was severely limited under the regime of Saddam Hussein.

This year for the first time in nearly 30 years Shi'as can openly commemorate Muharram in the streets of Karbala without fear of repercussions. For many pilgrims this will be their first taste of religious freedom in post-war Iraq.


#21 HelpfulLaila Zaid 2018-09-30 05:01
This website was very helpful. i had to write an essay on Muharram and this is the site i put in my bibliography thank you!
#20 hazrat hussainimrana wali 2017-09-29 13:09
muharam-ul-hara m
+2 #19 RE: What is Muharram?Guest 2017-09-29 13:01
muharam-ul-hara m
+3 #18 History of Banu UmmyahAmir Abbas 2017-01-04 10:05
Thanks for written True information
-2 #17 Nice information about this dayPreeti 2016-10-12 05:44
Useful details about this day muharram
#16 RE: What is Muharram?meezab 2016-10-05 18:13
plz add something that why muharram is celebrated and stuff
+2 #15 Deae ZohraMurtaza Ali 2016-10-05 12:58
quran was revealed before incident of Muharram.
+4 #14 RE: What is Muharram?husain 2016-10-03 13:47
when we have to do roza in muharam please tell me the day
+1 #13 RE: What is Muharram?sadika 2016-10-03 13:46
please give me the information about muharam because in davangere some people are believing in panje like bhuts but they are thinking that ....that panje's are hasain and husain please guys tell me how i clear this matter
+8 #12 I love this websiteAbdullah 2015-10-18 04:19
This website has helped along thank you for making this. I know a lot know thanks to this.

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